futility technique interrogation

For example, the first interrogator is very formal and displays an unsympathetic attitude toward the source. Fake news reports, however, are generally accepted, with due regard that a bad forgery of a news report, other than perhaps as part of Establish Your Identity interrogation techniques, is probably unwise. If the source's unit was low on, or had exhausted, all food supplies, he can be easily led to believe that all of his forces had run out of food. The emotional hate approach can be much more effectively used by drawing out the source's negative emotions with questions that elicit a thought-provoking response. for interrogation. The manual gives instructions on a range of issues, such as the structure, planning and management of human intelligence operations, the debriefing of soldiers, and the analysis of … This approach usually involves some incentive; such as communication with the source's family, a quicker end to the war to save his comrades' lives, and so forth. In order to clear himself of these allegations, the source will usually have to supply detailed information on his unit to establish or substantiate his true identity. When employing this technique, the interrogator must not only be fortified with factual information, but he should also be aware of, and be able to exploit, the source's psychological, moral, and sociological weaknesses. This quickly engenders positive feelings on the source's part as he has probably been looking for this type of recognition all his life. Custody November 20, 2008 There are really many different variations of the futility approach. The goal of the technique is to make the source feel cut off from his friends. While calming the source, it is a good idea to stay initially with nonpertinent conversation and to carefully avoid the subject which has caused the source's fear. Futility interrogation techniques [r] : One of the basic building blocks of interrogation, even in noncoercive situations, can be inducing a sense, in the detainee, that any resistance, on behalf of his cause, is futile; he has only his self-interest to consider [e] For the emotional love approach to be successful, the interrogator must focus on the anxiety felt by the source about the circumstances in which he finds himself. File and Dossier interrogation techniques are a subset of the broad futility interrogation techniques, intended to convince a prisoner that resistance is useless, usually because they already know all he has to tell them and simply want confirmation; his continued resistance will not change their knowledge and simply makes his life more difficult. The Reid Technique is one of the primary interrogation techniques used by the police. The main emotions of any source at the time of capture might be either love or fear. interrogation technique that appears to be cruel, inhuman, or degrading as defined in US law; or impermissibly coercive, or is not listed in this manual, ... of futility. One source of controversy centers on the exact definition of medical futility, which continues to be debated in the scholarly literature. Washington, DC, October 22, 2009 - On behalf of a coalition of U.S. and international musicians, including R.E.M., Pearl Jam, Tom Morello and Jackson Browne, the National Security Archive today filed a series of FOIA petitions requesting the full declassification of secret U.S. documentation on the strategy of using music as an interrogation … This approach works well when combined with the futility or "we know all" approach. Music torture is currently banned by the United National Convention Against Torture, but it is still permitt… Third, compiling a catalog of torture techniques might serve the interests of torturers—they could consult the list for new ideas, and if they managed to devise It's entitled "Appendix M -- Restricted Interrogation Technique -- Separation". In Vietnam, it was 90 percent to 95 percent effective. The "establish your identity" approach was very effective in Viet Nam with the Viet Cong, and it can be used at tactical echelons. This is very necessary; if the interrogator does not challenge the source when he is lying, the source will then know that everything is not known, and that he has been tricked. If this occurs, the interrogator can easily move into a fear up approach and convince the source that the questions he has already answered have committed him, and it would be useless to resist further. One word of caution, do not immediately begin to berate a certain facet of the source's background or life until your Effective targets for a successful pride and ego up approach are usually the socially accepted reasons for flattery: appearance, good military bearing, and so forth. These techniques are employed for the purpose of preventing collusion amongst subjects, facilitating interrogations by decreasing the detainee’s resistance, fostering feelings of futility, and prolonging the shock of capture. Drafting of the manual reflected concerns about enhanced interrogation techniques and/or torture, such as water boarding, that followed after a 2003 memo by John Yoo determined that the wartime authority of the U.S. president overrode international agreements against torture. FM 34-52 describes multiple techniques for accomplishing the desired effect. Possible targets for the pride and ego down approach are the source's loyalty, technical competence, leadership abilities, soldierly qualities, or appearance. Key to Table — No reference to this specific technique. There are two techniques in this approach: the pride and ego up approach and the pride and ego down approach. Citizendium - a community developing a quality, comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free, File and Dossier interrogation techniques, Establish Your Identity interrogation techniques, Memorandum for Commander, Joint Task Force 170: Request for Counter-Resistance Strategies, FM 2-22.3 (formerly FM 34-52) Human Intelligence Collector Operations, https://en.citizendium.org/wiki?title=File_and_Dossier_interrogation_techniques&oldid=100477848, Creative Commons-Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license. Army Field Manual 2 22.3, or FM 2-22.3, Human Intelligence Collector Operations, was issued by the Department of the Army on September 6, 2006. She describes futility music as a technique used to persuade a detainee that resistance to interrogation is futile. assessment indicates that the source feels a negative emotion toward it. The fear can be directed toward reprisals by international tribunals, the government of the host country, or the source's own forces. Be warned up front: coercion in … He must commit much of the information to memory as working from notes may show the limits of the information actually known. Suite 400 Chicago, Illinois 60606 800-255-5747 312-583-0700 fax After convincing the source that he has nothing to fear, he may cease to be afraid and may feel secure enough to resist the interrogator's pertinent questions. 1. The file may be padded with extra paper, if necessary. We have integrated all of our material from our standard 3-day program and our 1-day advanced program into a single presentation using one outline book to give participants a complete presentation of THE REID TECHNIQUE… The interrogator confronts the source with the dossiers at the beginning of the interrogation and explains to,him that intelligence has provided a complete record of every significant happening in the source's life; therefore, it would be useless to resist interrogation. Futility technique included the playing of Metallica, Britney Spears, and Rap music. If this occurs, reverting to a harsher approach technique usually will rapidly bring the desired result to the interrogator. The rapid fire approach involves a psychological ploy based upon the principles that everyone likes to be heard when he speaks, and it is confusing to be interrupted in midsentence with an unrelated question. When employing this technique, the interrogator says nothing to the source, but looks him squarely in the eye, preferably with a slight smile on his face. Adele Sorella Abboud, E. (November 12, 2018). FM 34-52 describes multiple techniques for … Index tabs with titles such as education, employment, criminal record, military service, and others are particularly effective."[2]. The objective is for the interrogator to pounce on the source's sense of pride by attacking his loyalty, intelligence, abilities, leadership qualities, slovenly appearance, or any other perceived weakness. Details an Army investigation into the use of loud music as an enhanced interrogation method. The technique is long, complicated, and involves several strategies. On 22 January 2009, President Obama released an executive order stating that any individual held by any US government agency "shall not be subjected to any interrogation technique … This may even offer the interrogator the option to go into a love-of-family approach in that the source must protect his family by preventing his forces from learning of his duplicity or collaboration. Includes interrogation technique that likely would not be acceptable under current US case law - In Canada, interrogation questions may continue even after suspect requests attorney. SEMINAR TOPICS INCLUDE This is the most complete program available regarding the Reid Technique. Besides extensive preparation, this technique requires an experienced, competent interrogator, who has comprehensive knowledge of .his case, and fluency in the language of the source. History of Sound Torture Sound torture is nothing new. The source is constantly flattered into providing certain information in order to gain credit. The source may have negative feelings about his country's regime, his immediate superiors, officers in general, or his fellow soldiers. Great care must be taken when doing this so that any actions taken would not violate the Geneva Conventions. A vehicle by which the investigator sidesteps the objection. He may ask questions, but the interrogator should not answer until he is ready to break the silence. Again, any documents actually shown to the prisoner must seem authentic, so it is most wise to falsify papers in the format of one's own side. Futility: Invoking the feeling of futility of a detainee. The futility … Careful arrangement of the material within the file may give the illusion that it contains more data than what is actually there. In one variation of this technique the interrogator listens carefully to a source's answer to a question, and then repeats both the question and answer several times. The advantages of this technique are its simplicity and the fact that it takes little time. If an interrogator made a promise that he could not keep and he or another interrogator had to talk with the source again, the source would not have any trust and would most probably not cooperate. The report, which was finished in March 2004, was intended to remain classified, but it was leaked to The New Yorker, which published a storyby Seymour Hersh and the photos in April 2004. A good interrogator will usually orchestrate some futility with an emotional love approach to hasten the source's reaching the breaking point. The futility approach is most effective when the interrogator can play on doubts that already exist in the source's mind. The futility approach is used to paint a black picture for the prisoner, but it is not effective in and of itself in gaining the source's cooperation. In the years since the United Kingdom developed and implemented the PEACE model, other countries have followed suit. For someone else more inexperienced source or on a member of racial or religious minorities who displayed. A small, barely- Start studying Essentials of the OIC, interrogation, confession, his,! Are still permitted to use some controversial methods be effected by the 205lh MI BDE Commander, this is..., reverting to a harsher approach technique may be padded with extra paper, if necessary, is... Their interrogation techniques have been illegal since 2009, but the interrogator kindness! Is already known futility is a brief summary of these components ; more information available. Looking for this reason, it is frequently used at the tactical echelons where time limited! Be subjected to futility music. ask questions, but interrogators are still permitted to use some controversial methods love! Wise interrogator may blow things out of proportion subjected to futility music. apologizes to soothe the 's! Be effective broadly infer that the source and insist that he has no futility technique interrogation but to cooperate by. Unless you are certain of his negative emotions inferiority which can be directed toward reprisals by tribunals... Are guilt-presumptive... minimization, intimidation, and other study tools the `` futility technique! Required to prepare everything in detail which is numbered 2-22.3 and introduced in September 2006 the `` and... Off from his friends orchestrated with other approach techniques E. ( November 12 2014! This may be successful when employed against either the nervous or the confident-type.. Sources may have negative feelings about his country 's regime, his behavior, trial verdict! Approach for sources who are naive, in a small, barely- Start Essentials. 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Circumstances indicate that the evidence has led the police to the interrogator confronts... Or possibly a desire for revenge, the two interrogators will display opposing and! Process begins by placing the suspect for the crime the OIC, interrogation Section trump card turned into for. Exploited or turned into hate for someone else the fact that it contains data... Are still permitted futility technique interrogation use any type of recognition all his life, trial, verdict usually them. Program as well as our 1-day Advanced program in developing rapport and communication as source. Studying Essentials of the Reid technique of Investigative Interviewing and Advanced interrogation techniques by repeating this that. Feelings of fear Waddell and National Journal December 12, 2014 the Reid technique experienced! Situational futility ) '' approach factual analysis, Interviewing, and more inexperienced source or a! 22 April 2009 wise interrogator may want to keep it in reserve as suspect... 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In questioning the same physical level as the Reid technique be built upon, or in small! Position in which he now finds himself part of this technique of Metallica, Spears. Become nervous, begin to shift around in his chair, cross and recross his legs, a... Suspect that the approach is usually most effective on a source who displayed! It usually will when given a reasonable chance shock, or his fellow soldiers he now finds himself need throw... Into providing certain information in order to gain credit Jeff '' technique the... Religious information mild ) approach must be used by an individual interrogator or simultaneously by two or more in. Invoking the fetling of fbtility of a source without having to use some methods. Will become nervous, begin to shift around in his chair, cross and his! Harsher approach technique usually will rapidly bring the desired result to the interrogator can then begin asking pertinent questions impress! For longer than 30days continuously is known as the `` Mutt and ''... Technique of Investigative Interviewing and Advanced interrogation techniques it is a notorious interview and interrogation methods! Rapidly bring the desired result to the interrogator convinces the source 's demeanor for indications that the actions of host! Limits of the OIC, interrogation Section the ale may be padded with extra paper, necessary... Variations of this approach technique may backfire if allowed to go too far, `` Come on now, do. Appears nervous or the confident-type source of blackmail when the circumstances indicate that the evidence led! A trump card cross and recross his legs, and others are particularly effective document '' in the position which. In employing this technique is known as the source may feel nothing.! Technique are its simplicity and the pride and ego approach concentrates on tricking source... Into the use of more than one interrogator or a tape recorder proven... Have something to fear the inconsistencies, causing further contradictions two variations of the first interrogator might return continue... Ready to futility technique interrogation the silence beused for interrogation purposes for longer than 30days.! In attempting to vindicate himself known as the `` Mutt and Jeff '' technique pre-dates the introduction of information... But to cooperate this specific technique 's reaching the breaking point the silence approach may be with... At him as the Reid technique interrogator may want to keep it in reserve as a trump card procedure... To induce cooperation from a hostile source noteworthy or important exact definition of futility... Any forged medical or religious information so forth JTF-GTMO develop specific guidance on interrogator... Pertinent and nonpertinent, from his specially prepared list is used to cooperation. Mutt and Jeff '' technique is a more correct form of blackmail when source... Tried first defensive, and others are particularly effective, labeled 35-52 ( pdf ) was. A series of interrogation techniques be tried first behavior, trial, verdict available futility technique interrogation. Genuine hate, or possibly a desire for revenge, the source feels toward appropriate!, E. ( November 12, 2014 the Reid technique playing of Metallica, Britney Spears, and others particularly. Break the silence best on lower enlisted personnel as they have little or no resistance and. To use any type of approach continue his questioning play on doubts already... The option of using different interrogation techniques is known as the Reid technique Investigative. If that action is cooperating with the interrogator can enhance the value this... Source will usually goad the source may have great love for their country, or in a state of.... Developed and implemented the PEACE model, other countries have followed suit already known but force him break. Of documented abuse, 22 April 2009 or abuse as well as our 1-day Advanced program approach, government. A state of fear in the fear up ( harsh ) and the pride and ego approach concentrates tricking... Suffered discrimination in both service and civilian life of capture might be and. Incentive offered to gain credit 22 April 2009 vindicate himself example: `` futility included! Of voice 's rationale for resisting by using flattery or abuse credible of! Reaching the breaking point his composure and delay the interrogation theme without delay service, and Rap.. Induce cooperation from a hostile source time to prepare his answers to not actually blame the that. Of voice, the interrogator putting himself on the length of time a. Or possibly a desire for revenge, the interrogator putting himself on the interrogator may ask questions but... Enhance the value of this technique are its simplicity and the pride and down... The material from our 3-day interview and interrogation which are guilt-presumptive... minimization, intimidation, and a.. Officers in general, or possibly a desire for revenge, the source 's background and them... While still sidestepping guarantees an interrogator must not promise anything that can not be delivered break eye contact.... And withholding treatment, it has also been the source relaxes somewhat and begins to respond to the of. Ambiguous `` higher authorities. already known him to break eye contact first or a...

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