importance of microbiology in the environment

Diversity surveying, community fingerprinting, and functional interrogation of natural populations have become common, enabled by a battery of molecular and bioinformatics techniques. An average gram of soil contains approximately one billion (1,000,000,000) microbes representing probably several thousand species. U.S. Geological Survey microbiology efforts span the disciplines and cover many broad research areas, including fish and wildlife health and disease, climate change, microbial ecology, public health and water quality, geomicrobiology, and ecosystem function. Bacteria help us clean water through sewage treatment. Farmers also produce natural manure for the crops with the help of microbes. HCB also have potential biotechnological applications in the areas of bioplastics and biocatalysis. For example, Acinetobacter can degrade a wide range of aromatic compounds. Your email address will not be published. What Are The Benefits Of An Accountability Partner? Nutrient Cycling and the Cycles of Elements that Make Up Living Systems The Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Research Group at ARC-SCW utilizes both fundamental as well as applied microbiological and biotechnological approaches to address water, soil and climate problems. All the new drugs which are being developed in the medical field have all become possible with the help of microorganisms. without microbes this earth would have been full of corpses i.e. These microbes help to distribute nutrients into other parts of the ocean. The ability of each microorganism to degrade toxic waste depends on the nature of each contaminant. Without microbes, this earth would have been full of corpses, i.e., dead bodies. Microbes also help in the treatment of wastewater by promoting the decay of all the garbage from the water resources. Various scrumptious food products like yogurt and cheese are also prepared with the help of microorganisms like bacteria. Microbes are mainly used in the food industry for the process of fermentation. Microorganisms help in the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen, an important process in the growth and development of plants. The microbes in the soil are responsible for decaying the dead organisms and thus clearing them from the surface of the earth. 6 Tips to Transform the Process of Video Editing Using Artificial Intelligence, The Most Popular Content Categories In YouTube And Here’s Why You Should Know About It. This versatility in the design of bioreactors allows the treatment of a wide range of wastes under optimized conditions. Microorganisms are very widely distributed, and … Bioreactors have been designed to overcome the various limiting factors of biotreatment processes in highly controlled systems. Microorganisms can survive in some of the most extreme environments on the planet and some can survive high temperatures, often above 100°C, as found in geysers, black smokers, and oil wells. Microbes, especially bacteria, are of great importance in the sense that their symbiotic relationship (either positive or negative) have special effects on the ecosystem. Bacteria are a boon to the environment and without them, the surroundings around us could not have been clean and tidy. The sterilization of the surgical knives and needles are also done to eliminate the presence of microbes from them. Microbiology & Microorganism Learning Objective: Knows the basic knowledge of microbes. Microbial life is amazingly diverse and microorganisms literally cover the planet. Oil spills of coastal regions and the open sea are poorly containable and mitigation is difficult, however much of the oil can be eliminated by the hydrocarbon-degrading activities of microbial communities, in particular the hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria (HCB). Importance of Environmental Microbiology. Nurses use concepts of microbiology to maintain environments that are free of contamination and infection. Molecular, bioinformatics, physiological, and geochemical techniques have combined in the study of natural communities of these bacteria. and mycorrhizae to improve soil fertility, plant growth and yield. This next importance of the marine microbiology affects the biomedical field. They are the backbone of ecosystems of the zones where light cannot approach. Degradation of Aromatic Compounds by Acinetobacter There are also various other subdisciplines of microbiology which include: Microbes also play an important role in our body. Microbiology is a broad term which includes virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology, immunology, and other branches. Microbes, especially bacteria, are of great importance in the sense that their symbiotic relationship (either positive or negative) have special effects on the ecosystem. The various tests like Elisa, electrophoresis, and radioimmune assay, etc., all use the principles of microbiology to identify the type of disease. 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