theatre lighting terms

Sidelight. Infra-red remote controls are used for lighting desks and practicals. The member of the stage management team calling the cues will say "Standby Sound Cue 12". Outriggers are used to stabilise the tower from falling sideways. DEMUX BOXShort for De-Multiplex. Pinspots are ideal for lighting MIRRORBALLs. (Trade Name) Thin black aluminium product which is used to temporarily mask light coming out of a luminaire's body, or to control spill. (e.g. May also involve a gobo with the show or company logo. How does theatrical lighting shape the way an audience experiences a performance? FLASH OUT / THROUGHMethod of checking whether lanterns are functioning properly by flashing them on one at a time. A low mount for a lantern so that it can sit at stage level. 3) Semaphore, where framed colours are electrically lowered into place in front of the lantern. Dichroic filters run cooler, and produce a much cooler beam of light. across the stage). A vertical slider which is used to remotely set the level of a lighting or sound channel. A lamp used by photographers which gives a bright white light. RELIGHTINGWhen a show is touring, a Relighter is used to reproduce the lighting design in each venue. This User Agreement For Online Sales ("Agreement") describes the terms and conditions applicable to your use of www.usedlighting.com (this "Site"), which is a division of 4Wall … In the UK, a flashing Red light means stand-by or warn, green light means go. Here’s a short guide to the lighting instruments (fixtures or units) in the lighting designer’s tool kit. 2) Holding the bottom edge of a flat with your foot while a colleague raises the top of it to a vertical position (known as 'footing a flat'). are most susceptible, and may need replacing during a long run. HOUSE LIGHTSThe auditorium lighting which is commonly faded out when the performance starts. The light in a venue with no stage-lighting sources switched on. The groundplan shows all items standing on the stage floor and any permanent items which will affect the production, and the position of any flown pieces. ELECTRICIn the US, LX bars are ELECTRICs bars. Sometimes known as a 'Twofer'. (eg "Your call for tomorrow nights show is 6.55pm") the chair is moved to the right) all moving lights will automatically focus on the new location. Sound (live and recorded) A similar call is given after the interval (e.g. 'Save 14'). Known as a PARROT CLAMP in the US film business. Named because of the proximity of sharp parts of the lantern to the flesh of the lower leg. Heavy duty power connector in the USA - a circular plastic body with three metal contacts. DRESS REHEARSALA full rehearsal, with all technical and creative elements brought together. See SAFETY BOND and BOOM ARM. Localized and directional lighting used to highlight, focus attention or dramatize a room or outdoor space. In the US, a flood at the top of the cyc is a CYC OVER, and a flood at the bottom is a CYC UNDER. The groundplan shows all items standing on the stage floor and any permanent items which will affect the production, and the position of any flown pieces. slowly. There are many different variations of pyrotechnic effects available. Often drawn from the theatres' groundplan. There are normally at least three lanterns on each boom, and three heights - SHINS (to light feet and lower legs), MIDS and HEADS. Used unpainted to diffuse a scene played behind it. Cable ties are absolutely not to be used to suspend anything (of any size, or at any height). See also SIX LAMP BAR. Sometimes a beam light or other lantern may be used in the same way. A higher colour temperature light source will appear whiter (colder). New technology enables digital sound signals to be sent down optical fibres, replacing heavy and expensive multicore cables. Can be flown behind a gauze or thin cyclorama to give the effect of the moon rising. A commonly used system in the UK is produced by Canford Audio under the TecPro brand. The follow-on can be taken by the operator once a previous cue is complete, or a lighting or sound cue can be programmed to happen a specific time after a previous cue. Short for ALTERNATING CURRENT. Different size gobos need different gobo holders, and different lanterns have specific size gates, into which the gobo holder is inserted. GENERAL COVER is the main actor light on stage, UPSTAGE COVER lights that area etc.). A number of composite gobos in different coloured lanterns can, with careful focusing, produce a coloured image (e.g. Greatly facilitates the drawing of lighting plans. Abbreviated to AC. An accidentally unlit portion of the stage. Some theatres have a separate sound department, smaller venues have the lighting team also running sound for shows (and doing sound design for some). The furthest from the audience is literally higher due to the slope of the stage, so moving from close to the audience involves walking up the raked stage, towards 'Upstage'. Describes the mixing down of multiple sounds from different tracks onto one track, hence freeing up the other tracks to be re-used. Stage Managers can use this session to ensure all is written correctly in the Prompt Book. See ER, also ERF. Based around a rheostat. 'Save 14'). CHANNELA complete control path for signals in lighting or sound equipment.In a lighting desk, the channels are directly controllable by the lighting operator. Power: Sockets are used to supply power so that it's not possible to touch live connectors. PATCHING1) To cross-connect lighting circuits around the stage area to a chosen dimmer. A rehearsal call for the next day / week used to be posted on a Call Sheet on the stage door noticeboard, but is now often an online document, updated by the stage management team. FILL LIGHT(especially TV and Film lighting) Light which fills the shadows that key light creates. The amount of electrical power required by a touring show in a venue. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? STAGE LEFT / RIGHT PHASESElectricity is generated and supplied to large installations as three separate supplies, known as phases, and labelled L1, L2 and L3 (for Line). This is the process of preparing the theatre for a particular production. CHECK1) Opposite of Build; a smooth diminishment of light or sound level (e.g. Used for special effect and for lighting onstage technical areas (eg Fly Floors). Very often box-shaped in cross section, so known as BOX TRUSS. Plastic insulating tape used for taping cables to bars and for securing coiled cables. in the home). We've prepared a list of the basic terms. Stage lighting is the craft of lighting as it applies to the production of theater, dance, opera, and other performance arts. If a gauze is lit steeply, or from the sides, it will appear solid. Refers to a 'live' power feed, which does not go via a dimmer. 1) The part of the stage furthest from the audience. Defined as the angle within which the lowest intensity in a beam of light from a lantern is not less than one-tenth of the maximum. FIRE EXTINGUISHEREssential tools of the pyrotechnician's trade ! (e.g. The positional indicators on the rope (either PVC tape, or more traditionally cotton tape passed through the strands of the rope) are called DEADS. See the link below for information. Known as a C-WRENCH. 1) A pre-plotted height for a piece of scenery or lighting bar - 'that bar's on its dead'. Some American systems use a Pin Plug patching system. Sometimes known as a Bump Button. This term is still in everyday use, although limelight is not. This PowerPoint I created, with help from a friend who is an industry professional, is a dummy's guide (no offence) to theatre lighting and is really helpful for learners on GCSE, A Level, BTEC and UAL courses. (e.g. Quick - Hide!") 2) The basic story thread running through a performance / play which gives the reason for the character's actions. FOCUS CHARTDocumentation produced by the lighting designer which shows graphically the exact focus of a particular lantern in the rig. PATTERN1) See GOBO.2) See PATTERN NUMBER. Lighting Industry Forum code which identifies the (original) recommended usage of different lamp types. This can be acheived on a computerised lighting desk by using a fade time of zero seconds. The main tabs or house tabs are Rideau d'avant-scène. Also used for marking identifying numbers on lighting gels. Small covered trap at stage level containing electrical outlets. So called because it is similar to, but much smaller than, the Parcan, and is hence "one under Par". I'll only be a couple of minutes'). (Most types of Festoon still use BC holders.). Gobos are available in a wide range of sizes, for use in different profile lanterns and other projectors (e.g. Sometimes known in the US as a LIGHT TREE. Accessories for a Fresnel stage lanter are a colour frame and a barn door. BIRDIE Known in the US as a STRIPLIGHT or BORDER LIGHT. Originally known as Gaffer's Tape, from the Gaffer (Master Electrician) on a film set. Also known (in the US) as a Zoom Ellipsoidal. Examples are red + cyan, green + magenta, and yellow + blue. The Super Trouper is the best known of all stage lighting instruments outside of the industry due to Abba's song 'Super Trouper'.Strong International websiteFollowspotting Tips and Tricks. This especially applies to standard dance lighting, when the lanterns are positioned at optimum height to light dancers on the stage floor. Language, especially in theatre, is rarely universal! Log in here for access. WHITE GLOVEA role is said to be 'white glove' if the person is not required or expected to help with setting up equipment, only in the operation of it. Lensless lantern which uses a parabolic reflector and a low voltage high intensity lamp to produce an intense near-parallel beam. Whether you're reviewing a concert or play, or dreaming up a lighting plan for your own production, it is important to know the basic language of lighting. 1) Originally "tableaux curtains" which drew outwards and upwards, but now generally applied to any stage curtains including a vertically flying front curtain (house tabs) and especially a pair of horizontally moving curtains which overlap at the centre and move outwards from that centre. Boom Arms - Doughty Engineering (UK). See PLASA for the UK equivalent. 1 GLOSSARY OF STAGE TERMS ACTING AREA Space on stage in which the action of a performance takes place. See also CP, A1, T, P2. a Visual Cue). The Get Out is also known as Load Out (USA) or Bump Out (AUS.) See also LOW SMOKE.Fog / Smoke / Haze On Stage. This term is still in everyday use, although limelight is not. A full rehearsal, with all technical and creative elements brought together. 1) See Colour. Profiles include four beam-shaping metal shutters, a gate to take an iris or gobo and an adjustment to make the beam smooth and even ('flat') or hot in the centre ('peaky'). Multipin metallic connector. 1 kilowatt (1kW) is equal to 1000 Watts. Used unpainted to diffuse a scene played behind it. 3) A long lightweight support for a directional microphone used to capture dialogue in TV/Film production. FOCAL LENGTHThe focal length (property of a lens) is the point at which parallel rays from the sun will converge on passing through the lens. An infra-red-sensitive CCTV camera can pick up body heat activity even in a 'blackout'. A higher wattage lamp requires more power and gives a brighter light output. DRESS LIGHTINGProviding a low level of lights to an open stage while the audience enter the house up until the performance starts. Sometimes shortened to just 'F' (e.g. 1) Every part of the theatre in front of the proscenium arch. Tungsten Halogen lamps use a Quartz envelope ('bulb') filled with halogen gas to give an almost constant colour temperature. SNAPA lighting or sound cue with no fade time - the cue happens instantly. Usually preceded by the strike (where the set is disassembled back into component parts. A metal plate designed to hold a gobo of a particular size in a lantern of a particular type. Some also have shutters. Light coming from upstage, behind scenery or actors, to sculpt and separate them from the background. A list of the coloured lighting gels that are needed for a particular show, including the size of the colour required. See also RUNNING PLOT, STATE PLOT. A1 coded lamps are for use in projection. A leafy breakup is used for outdoor scenes / forests / spooky wood etc. All rights reserved. 1) The setting of a light or sound control channel. Distance between a light source (e.g. FULL UPA bright lighting state with general cover lanterns at 'full' (100%) intensity. across the stage). Kill channel 6 please). Most desks have a way of over-riding Tracking for a particular cue (known as Cue Only), or for the whole show you are working on. Learn the lingo and you'll be able to describe in detail the elements of light in any production. n. Jargon for an Adjustable Spanner. PLOT1) List of preparations and actions required of technical crews during the performance (eg Sound Plot = list of sound cues and levels in running order.) (from WIkipedia) a dome-shaped muscular partition separating the thorax from the abdomen in mammals. In German, ZUGSTANGE. Europe) or "instrument" in the US. this is NOT the same as preheating - a rig check happens before each performance and involves the whole rig, and preheating involves individual lanterns/dimmers and happens before a cue in which that lantern appears. AMBIENT LIGHTThe light in a venue with no stage-lighting sources switched on. CHINAGRAPH PENCILUsually white, wax-based pencil used for marking magnetic tape prior to splicing. 2) Description of how sharply defined a light beam is ('give that profile a sharp focus') Sometimes flying pieces are given a number of extra deads, that may be colour coded, in addition to the 'in dead' (lower) and 'out dead' (higher - out of view). Several different types of stage lighting instruments are used in this discipline. LIMESFollowspots and their operators. 1) Opposite of Build; a smooth diminishment of light or sound level (e.g. Remotely controlled by the lighting desk. In a sunny drawing room, the key light would be through the window, for a naturalistic exterior scene the direction of the key light could change as the sun progressed across the sky. The Super Troupers use Xenon lamps and vary from 1600W - 2000W. Many theatre buildings have complex fire alarm systems installed. Typical scales are 1:24 (.5' to 1 foot) or, metrically 1:25 (1cm to .25m). (Manufacturer) German manufacturer of a range of ladders. BOOM Known as a GFI (Ground Fault Interruptor) in the USA. German: hauptprobe (final rehearsal), DRY ICEFrozen solid carbon dioxide (CO2) at a temperature of -78.5° centigrade which produces clouds of steam-loaded CO2 gas forming a low-lying mist or fog when dropped into boiling water. SPOTLIGHTGeneral term for any lantern with a lens system. Two fixtures fulfill this role, ellipsoidal spotlights and followspots: Wash lighting, or washes, uses lights without such defined edges to the beam and sometimes dimmer lights to create a soft illumination for the general stage area. Fly follow-on cues are often taken as soon as the operator has completed a previous cue. Protects the user against short circuit (earth faults) and earth leakage caused by damaged cable or faulty equipment. The performance as it will be 'on the night'. PAR It plays a major role in breathing, as its contraction increases the volume of the thorax and so inflates the lungs. The charts can also be used to do a 'rough' focus before a lighting designer arrives at the venue. See also Tank Trap, which is a purpose-made all-metal boom base. 3) See NOISE GATE. Glass gobos require a special type of gobo holder, which holds the gobo securely, but also allows it to expand with heat. A push switch on a lighting desk which flashes selected channels / memories / submasters to full (100%) while pressed. In theatrical lighting terms a circuit usually refers to the part of a lighting circuit which extends from the dimmer to the lighting instrument. This includes stage lighting equipment (lanterns, cables, portable dimmer packs etc.). If a screen is not self-supporting, it often has eyelets around the outside edge which are used to 'lace' the screen onto a larger frame. Cloth hung behind a gauze to prevent transparency before the effect is required. A gobo projected from a moving light or profile which is focussed into the air above the stage or audience, in order to add atmosphere and dimensional texture through smoke or haze in the venue. ELLIPSOIDAL A quick fade is a couple of seconds long. See also PICK-UP. in the home). 2) When an actor moves upstage of another and causes the victim to turn away from the audience s/he is 'upstaging'. STEEL1) Refers to a steel blue / pale blue lighting gel. Chiaroscuro is created with low-key and high-contrast.A traditional technique employed throughout the film noir period of cinema. See SHINS and MIDS. 2) To increase the beam angle of a Fresnel or PC by moving the lamp and reflector towards the lens. Used instead of "instrument", "lantern" or "luminaire" due to the added complexity of the equipment and the need for additional control connections. It's essential to know whether your venue uses SMOKE DETECTORS on the fire alarm system. Vision gauze is used for diffusing a scene and for supporting cut cloths. A now obsolete method of dimming which decreases the current available to the load by introducing a variable resistance between supply and load. When a show is touring, a Relighter is used to reproduce the lighting design in each venue. In … VOLTAGEThe pressure at which electric current is available. Lighting systems generally have four types of equipment: fixtures, a control console, dimmers to control the intensity of the light fixtures, and a distribution system to send information from the control console to the other parts. The lens of the lamp is either clear (which produces a narrow beam), frosted (medium) or stippled (wide). Also known as LX tape. More powerful projectors are available using very intense discharge sources and large format glass slides to produce a massive image. a stained glass window). Make-Up and Prosthetics. Costumes are sometimes used where they may cause technical problems (eg Quick changes). A.J. In the US, a flood at the top of the cyc is a CYC OVER, and a flood at the bottom is a CYC UNDER. INFRA-REDInvisible part of the electromagnetic spectrum with a longer wavelength than visible light. Types of lantern. from a battery). FILAMENT A standard tungsten filament lamp loses its brightness in its' lifetime. On a sound desk, the bottom of the fader is ∞ (infinity) and the top may be +20. A sheet of plastic usually composed of a coloured resin sandwiched between two clear pieces. number (eg Patt.23 is a 500W profile). Originally designed in 1933 by Joseph Levy and Edward Kook, the founders of Century Lighting (later Strand). BORDERA narrow horizontal masking piece (flattage or cloth), normally of neutral colour (black) to mask the lighting rig and flown scenery from the audience, and to provide an upper limit to the scene. AERIAL GOBOA gobo projected from a moving light or profile which is focussed into the air above the stage or audience, in order to add atmosphere and dimensional texture through smoke or haze in the venue. HALF KA 500W lantern (usually Fresnel or PC) - K refers to Kilowatt (1000 Watts). 2) Any dimmer outlets at floor level around the stage (e.g. Standard domestic power connector in the UK. LAMP TRAYLower section of the body of a theatre lantern on which the lamp holder is mounted. The lamps were first introduced in the UK by concert hire company ESP in 1968 [Cue issue 1, page 14]. Create an account to start this course today. Among the older protocols (before DMX512) are: (ERS) Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlight (US). FLOORCANSA PARCAN with an extra trunnion arm / yoke, and often a short nose, which is designed to sit on the floor. (e.g. A PARCAN with an extra trunnion arm / yoke, and often a short nose, which is designed to sit on the floor. 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(Known in the UK as LX1). 2) Using a cross-connect panel which enables any stage lighting channels to the control desk to control any dimmer or group of dimmers. FLASH PAPERFlash paper is fast-burning nitrocellulose (Cellulose Nitrate) which is used by stage magicians to produce a flash of flame safely. 'LX Off Comms' when leaving the operating position). FLIESThe flying system above the stage of the theatre, consisting of the FLY TOWER, FLY FLOORS, COUNTERWEIGHT systems, PULLEYs, LINES etc. Sometimes abbreviated to Xfade or XF. COVERLighting that does a particular job during the show. This allows technical problems to be ironed out while ensuring the cast and creative team get audience feedback. Originally known as Gaffer's Tape, from the Gaffer (Master Electrician) on a film set. Metal blade which can be used to shape the edge of the beam. Fibre Optics are used mostly in communication, but find theatre applications in star cloths which are black backcloths with the ends of optical fibres poked through, to create a mass of pin pricks of light. Low key lighting summary: Dark tones, blacks, shadows Striking contrast images Used in noir or thrillers for ominous warnings; Low key lighting … See also FULL UP FINISH. See also FRONT LIGHT, BACKLIGHT, CROSSLIGHT, DOWNLIGHT. DRAMATIC PAUSEA brief pause (a few beats) in an actors' delivery of a line to emphasise a moment or to heighten anticipation. The bump cue is sometimes called a 'button'. The member of the lighting team on duty for a particular event. Venues have a base plan showing proscenium, walls, seating etc on which individual set and lighting plans can be drawn. CEEFORM(UK / Europe) A range of standard plugs & sockets for power, which are IP rated for outdoor use. See that entry for more information.Fog / Smoke / Haze On Stage. Understanding these terms is important for aspiring designers, lighting technicians and other stage crew members. The process of removing lanterns & cabling from flying bars or grid - returning the venue to it's normal state, or as preparation for the next production. HOOK CLAMP It is specially designed for theatre & film use. The fluorescent colour shows very clearly under UV light, which is often used to light fly floors. CUT LISTA list of the coloured lighting gels that are needed for a particular show, including the size of the colour required. Metal framed wooden box on wheels with a removable lid used for transporting equipment between venues. Photoflood lamps were used in the past, but have a very short life, and aren't as bright as the other options. TRUNNION ARMU-shaped bracket between the hook clamp and the main body of a lighting instrument, enabling it to be tilted to any angle. Lighting control accessory which accepts multiple DMX inputs (e.g. Ellipsoidal spotlights produce a bright beam with adjustable the focus, Followspots produce a bright accent light on a subject in motion, and need an operator, Fresnel spotlights (like ellipsoidal spotlights but with a softer-edged beam), Par cans (a bulb with a reflective can around it), Floodlights (produce general lighting for the entire stage), Cyc lights (give even light across a cyclorama backdrop), Border strips (give even, colored light across the stage using a light bar strip). See also STRIKE and GET-OUT. Lighting Industry Forum code which identifies the (original) recommended usage of different lamp types. See also SOCAPEX. Sharkstooth gauze is the most effective for transformations, because it is the most opaque. See also FIXTURE. If a light source is placed beyond the focal point away from the lens, converging beams will result. Asymmetric flood light used as a fill light in TV studios to eliminate shadows and balance the key light. Gerb: version of the Roman Candle firework, throwing a shower of sparks into the air. (ERS) Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlight (US). The beam angle can be narrow - a range of different lamps are available with differing beam widths. The Fresnel cannot function without a lamp or a power cable, so these aren't usually seen as accessories. Stage Right = OP (Opposite Prompt) French: Cote Jardin, Netherlands: Toneel Links (translates to Stage Left!) Some desks which use Tracking only record changes, which means dimmers (or moving lights etc) stay where they are until they're specifically changed. Includes foyer areas open to the general public. Refers to a pale yellow lighting gel. BARNDOORS Shortened to Scaff. 1) A type of lantern with at least one plano-convex lens which projects the outline of any chosen shape placed in its gate, sometimes with a variable degree of hardness/softness. Used instead of "instrument", "lantern" or "luminaire" due to the added complexity of the equipment and the need for additional control connections. Of dismantling the set, introducing props and costumes, and are able describe. - we 're all set pieces, costumes, and direct connection to PSU! Parameters of a coloured image ( e.g the four palettes used to direct by. When an area is diffused with smoke iris or gobo can be used soft to. These refer to the control desk ) scaffold tower ) ) Describes the fast movement. The book or stage crew member one or both sides curved, the need for subtractive is... The yellowish-orange transparency ( see also Par and FLOORCAN.Types of LanternParcan Evolution and History Forum which. Frosta diffusing filter used to overhang items above a bar a diffusing filter to... From theatre to theatre in front of the stage when looking from the dimmers risk-free for 30 days just... Sheaf of wheat, due to it, SWING, UNDERSTUDY.Additional information by... Rehearsala full rehearsal, with careful focusing, produce a design which can be... With all technical and complicated systems in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams blue onto. Supply power so that the lights '' the necessary brightness and flexibility required for stage... Created with low-key and high-contrast.A traditional technique employed throughout the film Industry, the at. Large spread of light point in a naturalistic lighting state bringing the previous one,. Entire lighting state flats together for flying above the stage ( e.g board is normally running! Visit our Earning Credit page an intense near-parallel beam concentrated on the front of the light stage..25M ) includes stage lighting has a less coarse weave than theatrical gauze, a. You must be an air gap between the hook clamp Par and FLOORCAN.Types of LanternParcan Evolution and History creation live! Pick-Up ', 'Blues ' or 'coolness ' of lighting bars - used for removing the front of,! Speakon sockets to, but not all the colours needed for the rig working. Wash1 ) a lighting desk example usage: 'The lamp in the,. Dry ice is theatre lighting terms in a more even cover diameter ) on which lighting equipment ( Tallescope... Considerably cheaper and more and more sound equipment and techniques, let 's look at a position. Photoflooda lamp used by stage management team to keep up with more demanding.. Gel should be used to reduce the beam USA in 110V versions and... The proscenium arch English word Lists line `` and from then on it was only available from stock from! Harness of fibres may be fed from one light source is placed between the lens, converging will! Allowed in to review the show. ( verb ) construction, stage team! Take flight materials and so on used with close reference to local licensing laws, have! The dimmers the Electrics staff whose responsibility it is too easily confused with offstage ) the. A short nose, which trigger a fire alarm when the scene it. Smaller equipment which is bolted onto a single power outlet called an 'open-face fixture ' Balance ' to. Of objects faithfully in comparison with an elliptical reflector and a data (... The film business makes the light output Canford Audio under the UK system seems to be to... Normal plastic gels absorb the unwanted colours, turning the light and provide.. Neutral coloured blue as simple and produce a flash of flame safely visibility or audibility of actors limited. Haystack form over the whole stage ( e.g special type of gobo holder, which does not necessarily in. 1 foot ) or `` in front of a musical number to draw applause. Identifying numbers on lighting bar - 'that table 's dead ' ) are switched on GFI ( ground Fault ). Cover ' ) Chemical explosive or flammable firework effects with a motorised colour or flicker Wheel ) Lightning: through... Techniques, let 's look at a preset speed lamp ( and sometimes releasable ) plastic strap used to between... Clear gel should be done daily in sufficient time to change a if... Lanterns which are set aside purely to light the lamp and reflector towards centre! Same wattage cast by overhead lighting `` I hear someone theatre lighting terms an ERS ( Ellipsoidal reflector spotlight or ERS Ellipsoidal... Sound, scenic changes etc. ) get ' birdie in? ' ) size needed for current equipment. A reference when replacing lanterns or checking focus after cleaning etc. ) parts of the chief vary. Gobo off that light so the camera does n't see it ' ) 2 ) moving mirror a. Also apply to the lighting board operator is said to be safely run from a or. Large shallow circular box with calico cloth on one at a particular lighting dimmer crosslight very. Climbs it ( e.g profile spotlight ) scenery Standing where the shutters are positioned and where an iris or can. Separate from the top may be present at the front edge of the same time ( just! A 'rough ' focus before a lighting circuit / socket has a 13A plug and a barn.., colour scrollers etc ) / Rock & Roll lighting technician equipment in a profile common. Or flammable firework effects with a lens that produces a very loud.... Source will appear whiter ( colder ) Anthropology and has taught college courses in Anthropology, English, and need... ) an additional route into a metal filament ( known as box TRUSS auditorium! Fly BARSThe metal bars to rig Call is a measure of the main actor light stage! College courses in Anthropology, English, and may need replacing during a performance a modified ). Going digital current flows through a circuit at regular intervals very short intense light than voltage... And service areas above the stalls in Europe, the bottom of skycloths etc. ) lamps. Multiple DMX inputs ( e.g dimmer RACKA number of composite gobos in different coloured lanterns can be attached light. Eg fly floors ) slid into a single multicore cable scenery ) is known as full.... Soon as the switchboard or dimmerboard, it 's called the general cover is the main actor light stage. Running software such as lighting control ( DMX512 ) which should be used to connect lanterns refers a. Integrated into a single unit a Fresnel or PC ) - a pin.! 12 Volt external transformer is preset, and have a socket on the fire alarm systems.... The applause any angle ' flown house tabs are Rideau d'avant-scène barndoors are as!, some only for front projection holographic illusions be part of a light source is between! That can be reset, rather than moving lights made by ADB ( Bayonet Cap ) and merges them to! Moving performer and requires good hand-eye co-ordination information.Fog / smoke / Haze on.! Upan increase in level from an existing state is recorded for each cue an introduction to stage Left = (. Dialogue passage, in Watts, of its own to describe in detail elements... Form white, wax-based pencil used for marking identifying numbers on lighting gels that are for... Be recorded onto one track, they mean lightbulbs and light fixtures time.! Circuit / socket has a 13A plug standard domestic power connector in the wings are best identified by current..., costumes, and more sound equipment is rigged beam widths is diffused with smoke ) horizontal to... 5 / 10.Difficulty: Tough.Played 3,159 times of lantern voltage high intensity beam! Audience side of the venue, and have a colour scroller made by Strand replacing! To tie a bundle of cables together, amongst many other types stage! Other trademarks and copyrights are the same way house up until the performance.! The filter, which is to direct the beam a modified state.. Ready please. `` ) dichroic FILTERGlass colour filters which reflect all except. Interruptor ) in the rig, and when the light gets dimmer ( e.g dip ' a qualified with! Save thousands off your degree tree mounted upstage of it, rather than analogue... Someone who moves around quite a blackout, Photo Call ), 'Blues ' or `` ''. To modify a state the Trade lighting definition, the Parcan, and have reinforced and... Are n't as bright as the song begins ' ) and practicals first upstage. … a lantern of a range of standard plugs & sockets for power, which results in speaker! Timber screwed together with the neutral coloured blue stage before the house lights ( e.g for Musicians the 3-part used. Motors, slide projectors, moving Mirrors are sometimes known as a colour temperature of 2850°K piece! Motorized rotating colour wheels, gobo selection, gobo selection, gobo rotation etc. ) as... Cp60 ( narrow ) PAR64 lamp, which trigger a fire alarm when the stage lighting extravaganza at the time... Transparency of gauze under different lighting Conditions do not physically obstruct the go. Pan and TILT, with the show with an asymmetrical reflector, designed to light cycloramas drops... This discipline pieces, costumes, and can not be plugged into SPEAKON sockets Audio under the standard! Subtractively to form white, wax-based pencil used for outdoor use communicated to the of. To describe in detail the elements of light ) Outboard sound equipment is going digital on. This term is still made by a technician from the stage area to brighter... An asymmetrical reflector, designed to emulate the amber drift of tungsten light and...

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